Sunday, July 23, 2017

Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is that portion of the science of chemistry which relates to animal and vegetable substances. However, as it was established that the carbon is the essential constituent of all organic compounds, organic chemistry can be precisely defined as the study of hydrocarbons and other compounds regarded as derivatives of hydrocarbons.

Carbon is a unique element with a structure of six protons, six neutrons, and six electrons that results in its being a most versatile element, and it is used to produce a multitude or organic compounds.
Organic compounds are very abundantly distributed in nature and are also prepared by synthetic methods. Every aspect of life mammalian and non-mammalian as well as plant and microscopic life, involves organic chemistry. In addition, many of the products used every day (pharmaceuticals, plastics, clothing, etc).

Organic chemistry became a defined science in the nineteenth century but organic compounds have been known and used for millennia. For most of history humans were about to use simple chemicals or complex mixtures of chemicals without actually understanding the science behind them.

The form of organic chemistry took shape during the 1830s was a scientific culture that produced a plethora of artificial substances that did not exist outside the laboratory.
Organic chemistry
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